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Fluid Mechanics

1. COURSE INFORMATION:

SchoolEnvironmental Engineering
Course LevelUndergraduate
Course IDENVE 221Semester3rd
Course CategoryRequired
Course ModulesInstruction Hours per WeekECTS

Lectures, practice exercises and laboratory sessions

6
Th=3, E=1, L=2
6
Course TypeScientific area
Prerequisites 
Instruction/Exam LanguageGreek
The course is offered to Erasmus studentsNo
Course URLhttps//www.eclass.tuc.gr/courses/MHPER176/  (in Greek)

 

2. LEARNING OUTCOMES

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes:

  • Understanding fluid properties and their effects on basic problems
  • Understanding of basic hydrostatic principles
  • Understanding of basic momentum principles
  • Structure of the energy and the Bernoulli equation, understanding of their application to basic problems
  • Understanding the principles of dimensional analysis and the meaning of dimensionless numbers
  • Understanding of basic principles of kinematics: description of flow according to Euler, according to Lagrange, steady and unsteady flow, trajectory of particles and flow lines
  • Understanding of principles of energy losses in closed conduits in the case of turbulent flow and modeling of turbulent tensions with the contribution of turbulent viscosity.
  • Understanding of the term boundary layer
  • Understanding of the interaction mechanisms between fluids and solid bodies, understanding of basic flow types

Upon successful completion of this course the students will acquire new specific skills on the following subjects:

  • Ability to process experimental and numerical data
  • Ability to solve equations for basic flow types
  • Ability to solve practical problems with the aid of the Bernoulli and energy equations
  • Ability to solve problems related to hydrostatics and hydrodynamics
  • Ability to solve flow problems in closed conduits
  • Ability to solve problems with the use of dimensional analysis
 
General Competencies/Skills
 
  • Work Autonomously
  • Design and Management of Projects
 

3. COURSE SYLLABUS

 
  • Properties and characteristics of fluids,
  • Measurement Units,
  • Viscosity,
  • Continuity,
  • Density, Specific Volume, Specific Gravity,
  • Perfect Gases, Pressure, Vapor pressure,
  • Surface tension and capillary phenomena with applications in a porous medium (soil).
  • Pressure point,
  • Basic Equations Fluid Statics, measurements using a manometer in Environmental Applications,
  • Forces on submerged Flat and curved surfaces, buoyancy, forces on dams, sluice.
  • Types of Forces, Fundamental Laws (Conservation of Mass Principle, Second Law of Newton - momentum theorem, Principle of Conservation of Energy),
  • Concept and System Selected Volume Reporting continuity equation, momentum equation, equation of Energy,
  • Mass and Energy Balances in Environmental Systems,
  • Transfer of Pollutants in Aquatic Systems.
  • Non dimensional Numbers for Analysis of Environmental Systems, Dimensions and Units, Theorem P, Non-dimensional Parameters, Similarity, Reynolds Number, Froude Number,
  • Dimensional Analysis for Flow Models Closed Pipe and Plumbing Construction.
  • Permanent Two-dimensional flow between plates,
  • Flow in Streams, Rivers and closed conduits, major and minor losses,
  • Boundary layer,
  • Friction.
 

4. INSTRUCTION and LEARNING METHODS - ASSESSMENT

Lecture MethodDirect (face to face)
Use of Information and Communication TechnologySpecialized software, Power point presentations, E-class support
Instruction OrganisationActivityWorkload per Semester
(hours)
- Lectures & tutorial exercises40
- Study, projects and literature review72
- Tutorials12
- 5 sets of lab exercises26
Course Total150

Assessment Method

Ι. Written final examination (85%) that includes:
   - Theoretical problems with data to be resolved.

ΙΙ. Laboratory exercises (15%).

5. RECOMMENDED READING

 
  • Fluid Mechanics, Streeter/Wylie/Bedford
  • Fluid mechanics with engineering applications, Daugherty/Franzini/Finnemore
 

6. INSTRUCTORS

Course Instructor:Professor G. Karatzas (Faculty - EnvEng)
Lectures:Professor G. Karatzas (Faculty - EnvEng)
Tutorial exercises:Dr. E. Varouchakis (LTS -EnvEng)
Laboratory Exercises:Dr. E. Varouchakis (LTS -EnvEng)